|The advent of fabless design houses and foundries has revolutionized the way in which business is done in the semiconductor industry. System requirements are typically set at the beginning of any new product design cycle and step-by-step requirements percolate through the manufacturing production chain to the semiconductor manufacturers. For example, no longer does a faster microprocessor trigger the design of a new PC. On the contrary, the design of a new smart phone generates the requirements for new ICs and other related components. In addition, fast-approaching fundamental 2D topological limits are threatening the ability of the semiconductor industry to continue scaling at historical rates. New, very creative 3D transistor, memory cell, and overall IC structures are revolutionizing the way ICs are designed and produced.
The 2019 Semiconductor Technologies chapter summarizes some of the major system characteristics in cloud computing, mobile, IoT, and cyber-physical systems, and the major technology characteristics of logic and memory devices.