|Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and sensors are fundamental components of electronic systems. This market is driven by societal needs related to the Internet of Things, agriculture, environment, security, autonomous vehicles, and healthcare. Overarching industry needs and trends discussed in this 2019 MEMS & Sensors chapter include:
• The need for trillions of sensors to satisfy future application requirements is driving the industry toward hybrid flexible electronics, where silicon-based sensors are integrated on a flexible electronics platform. The challenges faced are in understanding and eliminating failure mechanisms and performance testing and standards for flexing, stretching, and bending of such hybrid sensor systems.
• The push toward moving more functionality to the edge, including cyber security and privacy, autonomous vehicles, virtual and augmented reality, voice-activated commands, and fitness and health devices and applications.
• There is a need for expansion of university and vocational programs to train and expand the workforce for MEMS and sensors design and manufacture