This paper details a process and methodology which holds promise to substantially improve the economic and resource value recovered by electronics reuse and recycling. Hard disk drives (HDDs) are the case example. It is built on decision pathways for HDD refurbishment, component reuse, and material recovery, which incorporate economic and resource recovery analyses. The findings are intended to remove existing barriers and establish the basis for an implementable system. Further project activity will use a collaborative, stakeholder-based approach for building a voluntary, self-governing system. The methodology could also be used as a model to address other electronic components and products. The goal is a sustainable circular economy of HDDs, and eventually all electronics, based on efficient and full exploitation of value potentials inherent in the products.